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Gold and Green Kiwifruit


What is the difference?

The genus Actinidia is native to China and is comprised of more than 50 species. Actinidia chinensis Planch and Actinidia deliciosa are the two most commercial Actinidia species. Actinidia chinensis (Gold Kiwi) is more precocious and productive and the fruit are more attractive in appearance with less pubescence on the fruit skin than Actinidia deliciosa (Green Kiwi).

Kiwi plants are deciduous vines and have vegetative and compound buds with flower clusters produced in the leaf axils of the first four to six nodes of shoots arising from buds on one year old shoots. Male and female flowers are perfect morphologically. The female follow contains some anthers, but only the stigma is functional, whereas the flower on a male vine typically produces 125-185 large anthers that surround a small vestigial stigma. For pollination and fruit set to occur the female plant must be in close proximity of a male plant whose bloom period occurs at the same time as the female plants bloom period.




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